Seax Wica was founded by author Raymond Buckland in 1973. Loosely based upon Saxon Paganism, Seax Wica is not a reconstructionist religion. The original guidebook for the tradition, The Tree, was published in 1974, and was later repackaged as Buckland's Book of Saxon Witchcraft. Seax Wica does not require initiation or membership into a coven or lineaged group. Members may self-dedicate themselves to the path.
Seax Wican covens traditionally follow a system of democracy, in which High Priests, High Priestesses and coven officers are elected by yearly vote. Priests and priestesses are encouraged to add to or modify the rituals and practices of the tradition as needed -- there is no one set of rules or regulations for Seax Wica. The tradition honors Germanic deities, and runes play a significant part in divinatory practices.